You are currently viewing How to Care for Betta Fish for Beginners | Detailed Caresheet

How to Care for Betta Fish for Beginners | Detailed Caresheet

Taking care of a betta fish is being able to know what makes them healthy and happy too. It also involves you to know the things that can cause them sick or stress them.

Here we are going to discuss the betta fish and how to give them a healthy and safe environment. We are talking about their feeding, maintenance recommended aquarium size, water quality, etc. if you take good care of your betta, they can live up to nine years! Betta fish are an intelligent and beautiful variety of fish that deserve care.

These beautiful betta fish are quite tough and cheap to acquire and maintain, yet, they are very fun fish to keep.

Betta Fish Care for Beginners

How to Care for Betta Fish for Beginners

You have to be able to know the difference between a sick betta and a healthy one. When obtaining a betta fish, you must go for the strong and healthy one this affects the type of care to be provided.

How to find if your Betta is Sick or Healthy

Below are some distinguished points were you can find if you betta is sick or healthy

Healthy betta fish

  • Their fins are strong and not broken
  • They get hungry and the feed well
  • They are active and aggressive
  • Their colors are bright (particularly the males)
  • When you come close to their tank, they swim up to stare

Sick betta fish

  • They are not active, and usually hide somewhere in the tank
  • They have dull colors
  • They show loss of appetite
  • Their swimming is quite unusual and abnormal
  • Their fins are weak and have black edges
  • They have white spots grow on the body and mouth
  • Swollen and clamped fins

How to make a tank environment suitable for a Betta

How to Care for Betta Fish for Beginners

It is advised and very recommended to use five gallons, 3 should be the minimum. Larger tanks are easy to maintain, they require less cleaning and can maintain the temperature and nitrogen cycles. Smaller tanks are stressful and require increased maintenance.

Your betta will swim around, and they love to jump and hide you should always make sure the lid of your tank is tightly covered. They also require sufficient space to perform these activities.

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Always make sure your betta has access to the water surface by not filling your tank to its maximum retain. This is because it needs access to the water surface to be able to take in the air using their unique organ know as the “labyrinth organ” which allows them to take in oxygen from the water surface.

If you want to house betas in a single tank, consider using a tank divider to separate them, two males should not stay in a tank or a male and female unless you want to breed them. Females can live together in a union of five or more.

Correct Lighting

Betta fish require natural or artificial while they are awake during the day and darkness during the night so they can sleep. Live plants and other décor in your tank provide shade if they decide to get out of direct lighting for some time.

Keep direct sunlight away from your tank because it can raise the water’s temperature easily to dangerous levels which will promote the growth of unwanted algae. Artificial lighting is recommended.

Choosing the right Betta Tank Mates

Some bettas can be very aggressive that they will not be able to live with other fish. But, they can stay will fish that are non-aggressive and do not have bright colors or long fins.

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Betta fish are commonly known as the Siamese fighting fish because of the male’s severe aggressiveness. Hence you should not introduce two males in one tank; they will fight and swig at each other.

Tank Hideouts and Decorations for Betta

Betta fish do not like stress, caring for them involves keeping them in a stress-free environment. These fish love places where they can hide and feel safe, in fact., these hiding places serve as their homes. The beta fish natural environment has lots of places to hide which includes; plants, rocks, and sticks.

Temperature and water quality suitable for Betta

The temperature of your betta fish tank should not drop below 65 degrees and not go above 82 degrees. They require warm water in their tank; this temperature level is where betas are most active. Betta fish are very responsive to change in their water parameters and the temperature of the environment.

Filters for Betta Tanks

Filters aren’t compulsory, but they are very much recommended encouraged for tanks larger than three gallons. Filters decrease the level of destructive bacteria and also support healthy bacteria. When it comes to tank maintenance and caring for your betta fish filters serve as little help for you. A filter is quite economical and is best when built-in with an entire setup.

Water condition for Betta Tanks

When it comes to the water condition of your tank, it should be free from chlorine and any other water contaminants.

Betta fish would choose their water’s pH to be slightly acidic which means that you should always test your water before you introduce it to your betta’s tank.

Betta Fish Care and Maintenance

How to Care for Betta Fish for Beginners

Keeping a clean and safe tank is very important for the health and happiness of your betta fish. As your betta fish eat and digest, it will eventually poo and the waste ends up in the tank; the smaller the tank, the quicker it gets polluted.

Sustained exposure to increased levels of ammonia and some nitrates can lead to poor betta fish health. The quality of water reduces as ammonia builds up from waste and uneaten food. This forces the pH level of the water to get out of the range which is healthy for your beta fish.

Your fish will end up living and swimming in its waste which is very unsafe and can lead to sickness or death. Your fish will be swimming in its waste and over time can lead to illness or even death.

Cleaning your Tank and Decoration

Taking care of your tank and decorations is important to the health of your betta fish. Be sure to use only approved aquarium decorations and plant materials that are safe for fish.

Filters should be cleaned by rinsing in tank water, this will help to protect and preserve healthy bacteria. Avoid using soap or detergent to clean your aquarium or any other components, components should be cleaned and disinfected.

All decorations (including stones, rocks, or live plants) should be washed regularly with hot water to remove contaminants. If you decide to clean thoroughly and ensure a germ-free tank you can use white vinegar to remove stubborn stains and smells.

Betta Fish and Feeding

The basic part of caring for your betta is healthy feeding Part of betta fish. Betta fish are carnivorous fish which means they need specific food like meat. Replicating their food and feeding environment and food will keep them happy and healthy. - For all your creative needs!

Examples of some betta food include fish flakes, live or freeze-dried foods, and pellets. The most commonly used ingredients are fish, shrimps, and meat. Meat, fish, and shrimp. Betta fish need a particular protein-rich food, so do not feed them other tropical fish.

Betta fish are sometimes very picky eaters too. If they start refusing food for a while it means they may feel like trying something different and you will have to keep trying until you find the suitable one for them.

Brine shrimp or dried blood is a betta fish’s favorites. Betta fish keepers would prefer to use freeze-dried bloodworms or shrimp as the main food for their fish. Always ensure a rich protein diet.

Results of Overfeeding a Betta

It may be tricky to target if you are overfeeding your betta fish. Overfeeding can lead to constipation and bloating this will also increase pollution of the tank because the waste will drop in the tank.

Fish food labels are inconsistent and clear most times. The fish pellets expand after they are digested ensure to keep track of food while feeding your betas.

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Learn to use a regular feeding schedule, and follow the guidelines this will help you control and keep track of the food you give to your betas.

If your beta is not eating, this could be a result of overfeeding which may make you worried. Betta fish may also refuse food if they are stressed, this happens when they are new to the environment. Betta’s can stay without food for almost 3 weeks before they starve to death.

If you’re going away or on a vacation for 2-3 days, do not drop food in the tank and think they will eat it, they will not eat it and it will only dirty the aquarium.

Caring for other betta fish

How to Care for Betta Fish for Beginners

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The difference between female and male betta fish is almost the same. Both types of fish betta need the same temperature and water parameters, tank size, decorations, and plants, and they feed on the same type of food too.

When it comes to breeding, these different beta fish species require different types of care even after breeding. Note that if you decide to keep the females in school, they need a different care recommendation as well.


Taking care of your betta fish is not difficult once you can know the right routine to follow. As a betta fish owner, you have to monitor them and ensure they are healthy and active. Always watch out for indicators that may cause alarm.

Moreover, issues of betta fish health can be traced to poor care in feeding patterns and lack of tank maintenance.

Once you know how to care for your betta fish, your betta fish is happy and you’re happy too, Betta fish are a very unique and beautiful type of fish so they deserve to live long and stay happy.