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How to Plant Carpet Seeds in an Aquarium Aquascape

The aquascape niche has seen a variety of plants that are considered suitable for the hobby. While aquascaping seeks to replicate nature and her sceneries in a glass tank, it is noteworthy that not all plants can be used in your planted aquascape aquarium.

However, this does not take away the fact that as an aquascape hobbyist, you may have a plethora of plant species to choose from. More often than not, the choices of plants are influenced by many factors like the style of your aquascape, budget, aesthetic disposition, e.t.c

What are Carpet Plants

If you are big on aesthetics; which every good aquascape hobbyist should be, it is natural that you go for plants that are as safe as they are visually appealing for your aquarium. One of the plants commonly used in aquascape because of its aesthetics character is carpet grass.

Carpet grass is so-called because it covers your aquarium base as a carpet does on the floor. Even outside the aquascape niche, carpet grass is one of the modern decorative plants used to add stunning beauty to wherever it is grown.

Your aquascape can look just as beautiful if you decide to grow a carpet plant in your aquarium! For this article, there is a difference between carpet seeds and carpet plantlets.

Although it is argued that plantlets can be referred to as seeds because they are partly buried inside your substrate and they germinate, As a result, you may come across the words ‘carpet seeds’ and ‘carpet plants’ being used interchangeably.

You see, just like plants are grown from the soil, you can grow your carpet plants from your substrate. While there is the option of buying the carpet plants and attaching them to your aquarium, this article seeks to inform you that you can grow your very own carpet seeds in your aquarium; 100% organic!

Carpet seeds can be purchased from a credible supplier; ensure you ascertain the quality of the product before you purchase! Carpet seeds are usually not expensive; it just depends on the type of carpet grass you want in your aquarium. Yes, there are different types (or species if we’re being more scientific) of carpet grass and they are uniquely beautiful for your aquarium!

What are the best types of Carpet Plants?

You may have seen different types of carpet grass and wonder one is actual carpet? Well, there are varieties of carpet grass and in this segment of the article; we will be providing you with information on the different types there are:

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Dwarf Baby Tears

This type of carpet grass not only spreads quickly across your aquarium but also releases a lot of oxygen needed by your fish. This type of carpet plant doubles as a beautiful addition to your aquascape (the leaves are an absolute delight) and a biologically advantageous plant in your aquarium. It thrives in good lighting conditions and covers your substrate nicely. You can get it from here.

Glossostigma Elatinoides

Pay the name no mind; this type of carpet grass is very popular amongst aquascape hobbyists and aquarists! The challenge with gloss is that it grows in the direction of light; so to keep a nice, even, spread; you have to ensure that your aquarium is very well lit. With the right amount of water and CO2, this lawn-like plant that comes to us from Australia and New Zealand will make a beautiful addition to your aquascape. You can get it from here.

Dwarf Hairgrass

This finely grassed plant is another beginner-friendly carpet grass that can be used in your aquascape. It grows rapidly under the right lighting conditions and is relatively easy to maintain. All you need to do is trim it weekly or bi-weekly and you are well on your way! You can get it from here.

Java Moss

This carpet is budget-friendly, spreads nice and fast, and is incredibly easy to maintain. If you want a nice, stress less carpet for your aquarium, java moss is your best option. It can also be attached to hardscapes in your aquaria like rocks and stones; for that very natural effect. You can get it from here.

Marsilea Minuta

This type of carpet grass is excellent for your aquascape aquarium if you’re a habitual trimmer! It grows incredibly fast and needs monitoring as frequently as possible. It is your top choice if you are all about the ornamental appeal.

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The other types of carpet grass include Masilea, Hirsute, Sagittaria Sabulata, Hemianthus callitrichids (Cuba plant), riccia fluitans, and a host of others. The major difference among these species would be their physical look; other than that, many carpet plants have similar features like rapid growth in the right light conditions, easy maintenance, and compatibility with other elements of the aquarium, like rocks, stones, substrates, fish, and other plants in the aquarium.

When purchasing the carpet seeds, ensure that you are well informed of the type of plant it is; to be prepared for how to properly maintain it. Given the right care and proper maintenance, carpet plants lastly typically form up to one year and longer. You can get it from here.

Growing Aquarium Carpet Plants

It has been established that your aquascape deserves that scenic touch of nature to stand out from the rest; and that the carpet plants are useful in making your aquarium. Before setting out to purchase that carpet plant seed, ensure you have considered some important factors discussed below.


In agriculture, the soil type is a very influential factor that determines the growth of any seed planted. That is why it is important to study seed-soil compatibility to ensure that your efforts do not go to waste, right?

Well, the same is the case for planting carpet seeds in your aquarium; the substrate is the best of your aquascape, like the soil. There are different types of substrates, some of which are outright incompatible with your carpet seeds.

Carpet seeds are known not to thrive in too coarse substrates, so we recommend that you combine the powder – type substrates and nutrient-rich substrates to serve as a base for your carpet grass. In planning carpets grass in your aquarium great combination of both a nutrient-rich substrate like Flourite.

Biological Compatibility

Carpet plants have varying compositions; and depending on the fish needs of your fish and the other plants, your best bet is to ensure your research on the compatibility.

How much oxygen does your choice carpet plant release?

Does this grass make your fish feel at home in your aquarium?

What is the lighting condition of your aquarium and what effect will changing the lighting have on your fish and other plants?

Remember that overexposing your aquarium to light will breed algae. To avoid complications, map out your aquascape plan and work out a balance of harmony between all the elements; research extensively and come up with an achievable maintenance routine. Take your time; it always pays!

How to Plant Carpet Seeds in your Aquascape Aquarium

1. Select your substrates

As earlier stated, the substrate is a determining factor in whether or not your seed germinates. Following the guidelines given above, choose the right combination substrates and make the perfect environment for your carpet seed.

2. Layout your scape

Arrange your substrate and hardscape, decide where you want your carpet plant to cover, and map out the location of your seeds. Seeds are often difficult to reposition after being planted, so do not skip this step.

3. Thoroughly wet the substrate (Soil)

This is an important step that cannot be skipped no matter what. It is important to note that at the point of planting, your water level should be just on the same level as a substrate. This is to avoid your seeds floating around the tank; resulting in a fruitless endeavor. - For all your creative needs!

4. Sprinkle the seeds

Spread the seed around the area you wish to see your carpet grass grow. Avoid clustering the seeds in one area to avoid overgrowth in one area of the aquarium than others. Carpet plants spread as they grow, so feel free to plant your seed all over the area. The plants will connect and you get even coverage. We recommend a patterned arrangement for the most visually appealing results.

5. Sprinkle some more water

This step is essential in giving adequate moisture to your aquarium substrate that your carpet seeds need to germinate. This is not a one-time procedure; ensure you sprinkle water over your seeded substrate very regularly; as often as thrice a day to ensure your substrate does not dry out. The method of applying water is very crucial as you don’t want to over to it and end up with a waterlogged substrate. To achieve the sprinkle effect, you use a sprinkler or a spray bottle.

6. Add fertilizer and CO2

This is otherwise called ‘dosing’ and if your budget permits, it is a great way of speed up the healthy growth of your carpet plants. If you want, you may skip fertilizer as carpet plants grow rapidly when properly exposed to light. However, CO2 is compulsory and carpet plants need enough of it to flourish; ensure your aquarium gets a good supply of CO2 to help your carpet plants spread faster.

7. Light your Aquarium

You may be tempted to use all the carpet seed you purchase, but you don’t have to. If your sees are evenly spread all over the area you want them to grow in your aquarium, keep the rest. You need not dump them together just ensure you exhaust all your seeds; this will prove counterproductive.

8. Do not overseed

You may be tempted to use all the carpet seed you purchase, but you don’t have to. If your sees are evenly spread all over the area you want them to grow in your aquarium, keep the rest. You need not dump them together just ensure you exhaust all your seeds; this will prove counterproductive.

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Maintaining your Carpet Plants

After following the proper steps above, maintenance is an important culture for your plants to grow. Aquascape hobby is one that demands utmost devotion; every element of your aquascape needs high maintenance for the aquarium to be healthy.

After planting your carpet seeds and giving them, the right chemical and biological conditioning to grow, you t have to keep a close watch on the growth pattern while carrying out certain maintenance tasks.


To avoid an overgrowth of carpet plants which, make your aquarium look unsightly, ensure you trim your plants as they grow. Depending on how high you want your carpet grass to be, trim them to give them an even look; this can be done using special trimming scissors and tweezers. Be careful while trimming your plants to avoid – uprooting your plants.

Check for Browning / Drying Out

Sometimes when your carpet plants are not properly exposed to the right moisture and light conditions, they tend to turn brown or dry. If you make regular checks and close monitoring a habit, you will get a hint of any such problems and make timely, immediate adjustments.

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Carpet grass is a great aesthetic element to add to your aquascape because it stands out from other aquatic plant species. Purchase your quality carpet seeds and get to it!